A 28 year old man presents with fever with chills, a non-productive cough, dyspnea upon minimal exertion, and intermittent watery diarrhea with abdominal pain for 5 days.

He was treated with Amoxicillin for 4 days but showed no sign of improvement, despite good compliance.

His medical, surgical and travel histories are unremarkable. He does not smoke, and only consumes alcohol in moderation. There is no history of recreational drug abuse.

A complete blood count is significant for a leukocytosis of 16,800/mm3.

Select Relevant Investigations
Bronchoalveolar Lavage


Gram stain of aliquots: a few mononuclear leukocytes, with several rod shaped organisms.

Culture results will be available in 48 to 72 hours.
Chest X-Ray


There are bilateral patchy basal infiltrates, more prominent on the right side.
Serum Electrolytes


Sodium: 131 mmol/L (135-145)
Potassium: 4.6 mmol/L (3.5-5.5)
Chloride: 107 mmol/L (95-110)
Phosphate: 0.66 mmol/L (0.81-1.45)
UAT for Legionella & Pneumococcus


Urinary Antigen Testing (UAT): positive for Legionella pneumophila,

Select Relevant Management
Supplemental Oxygen
Cefoperazone + Sulbactam
ICU Care